Orthoptics is the branch of ophthalmology that studies eye motility, that is the action related to the oculomotor muscles.
It deals with muscular, innervational and sensory defects that affect the visual apparatus. The most frequent disorders found are:
- manifest and latent strabismus
- ocular paralysis (paralytic strabismus)
- fusional vergence dysfunction
Early diagnosis of these anomalies (at birth if they are congenital, as soon as they start if they appear in the first years of a child’s or adult’s life) is essential in order to be able to undertake suitable treatment.
The patient always undergoes a complete eye examination, followed by an orthoptic examination and tests, for the diagnosis to be as accurate as possible. Dr. Bianchi and the orthoptists work together as a team to guarantee optimisation of visual and binocular function.
Orthoptics for children
All patients who come to be examined for the first time in our practice are subject to an orthoptic examination, whatever their age.
This allows us to differentiate between patients with normal eye motility from those who need a more thorough check up and treatment.